HEAL Act, Requiring Environmental Justice in State Agencies, Signed at Duwamish Longhouse

by Jack Russillo


On Monday May 17, across the road from the mouth of Seattle’s only river, the Duwamish, and at the cultural center of the people who have called themselves by the same name for generations, Governor Jay Inslee signed a far-reaching piece of environmental justice legislation into law.

“The HEAL Act is a major piece of legislation with the ambitious charge of making it so that everyone, especially the most overburdened communities and People of Color, have a healthy environment, clean air and water, and can lead healthy lives,” said Cecile Hansen, the chairwoman of the Duwamish Tribal Council

The Healthy Environment for All (HEAL) Act, or Senate Bill 5141, is a bill that aims to “reduce environmental and health disparities in Washington State and improve the health of all Washington State residents,” according to the 2021 WFFA Legislative Report. It mandates that all State agencies utilize environmental justice principles and practices in decisions that have the potential to create environmental harm. The bill also creates a framework for the State to distribute funding and incorporate community feedback to assist historically overburdened communities in recovering from past harm and to prevent future disparities from appearing.

The bill’s passage will create processes to safeguard against harmful actions — such as tracking metrics that measure each agency’s goals and adopting community engagement plans — but the legislation does not require all State agencies to act on all recommendations from the State’s Environmental Justice Task Force

Instead, the bill uses language such as “consider,” “seek,” and “where practical” as determinants for when agencies need to follow the task force’s guidelines. Washington’s departments of Agriculture, Commerce, Ecology, Health, Natural Resources, and Transportation are all required to implement these environmental justice frameworks, but other agencies only “should strive to apply the laws” and the equity principles.

Cecile Hansen, chairwoman of the Duwamish Tribe, spoke at the signing of the HEAL Act. (Photo: Susan Fried)

“With this bill in effect, we now are starting to make environmental justice a component of everything that we do in State government,” Inslee said before signing the bill. “This is a far-reaching bill because it’s going to require state agencies to think about this issue in their budgeting and their legislative priorities. This is an order to bring environmental justice to the forefront of everything we do. It’s about time that we do this. We have too many areas in the state of Washington where overburdened communities are breathing diesel smoke from freeways and breathing toxic fumes from industrial centers. It’s time to do something about that.”

The legislation defines environmental justice based on the finding of the environmental task force, which was formed in 2019 to develop policy recommendations for embedding environmental justice and improving the health of populations disproportionately impacted into each public agency’s responsibilities. 

The new, legal definition of environmental justice in Washington State is: “the fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people, regardless of race, color, national origin, or income, with respect to the development, implementation, and enforcement of environmental laws, regulations, and policies.” This also includes “an intersectional lens to address disproportionate health and environmental health impacts, prioritize highly-impacted populations, equitably distribute resources and benefits, and eliminate harm.”

State Representative Debra Lekanoff, a primary sponsor of the HEAL Act, is a member of the Tlingit Tribe and the only Native American currently serving in the State Legislature. (Photo: by Susan Fried)

“Today is a day of celebration and it is a day to heal,” said State Representative Debra Lekanoff, who represents the 40th Legislative District and was a sponsor of the bill. “Today we are bringing environmental health to all. The HEAL Act is a celebration for all Washingtonians.”

According to a report from the Environmental Justice Task Force in 2020, “People of Color and low-income people continue to be disproportionately exposed to environmental harms in their communities.” These frontline communities are often Indigenous and other People of Color, with lower incomes and are linguistically isolated. They are often hit first by the effects of pollution and extractive practices and policies, making their existing health and economic disparities worse, and yet these frontline communities are often not prioritized in corrective policy that can lead to healthier and more sustainable futures.

“Today is a monumental day for our movement, for climate and environmental justice,” said Senator Rebecca Saldaña, who represents the 37th Legislative District and was a primary sponsor of the bill. “It is about how we approach all the work that we do and it’s about the accumulation of all those unintended and intentional lack of centering Black lives, Indigenous lives, communities of color, and immigrants in our work. It’s those practices that resulted in systems and institutions that led to those disparities that we now see on the map and shows that, by design, certain communities pay a much higher price in health and in opportunity than others based on where they live. And so it’s these policies that have brought us here today to undo those harms and, as the governor said, to ensure that environmental justice drives all that we do as we move forward together for a Washington that is worthy of our children and our grandchildren.”

The act also aims to address environmental health disparities that occur on tribal lands, particularly ones “due to off-reservation activities within the state,” and “on small reservations where it is impossible to move away from a hazard.” The legislation will also help to “improve State practices to reduce contamination of traditional foods wherever they occur.”

Additionally, the bill says that by July 2022, State agencies “must create and adopt a community engagement plan that describes how it will engage with overburdened communities and vulnerable populations,” and that their plan “must describe how the agency plans to facilitate equitable participation and support meaningful and direct involvement of vulnerable populations and overburdened communities.”

Rep. Kirsten Harris-Talley and Sen. Rebecca Saldaña, both from the 37th Legislative District in South Seattle, spoke about the importance of environmental justice. (Photo: Susan Fried)

“You saw a coalescence of justice from all these communities and obviously having this event at a tribal location is very important,” said Inslee. “We have representatives of the Latinx community who were speaking about agricultural justice in the field. We have community members who care about bringing about police accountability. So it’s all about a coalescence of justice messages in multiple platforms: agriculture, police accountability, environmental, and clean air laws. It’s so wonderful to see that we’re advancing justice, not just in one stream, but in multiple streams. Today was a big day.”

On the same day, Inslee also line-item-vetoed an element of the Climate Commitment Act that could have given tribes the opportunity to stop carbon tax revenues from funding state projects that they say would harm their cultural resources and sacred sites. 

In response to Inslee’s veto, the Washington BLM Alliance released a statement that said that “vetoing the entire Tribal consultation section of this bill is a direct and imminent threat to Tribal civil rights and protections” and that “the state must honor those rights by requiring consultation with Tribes when their cultural resources are under threat.”


Jack Russillo has been reporting in Western Washington since 2013. He covers the environment, social justice, and other topics that affect a sustainable and equitable future. He currently lives in Seattle’s Beacon Hill neighborhood.

📸 Featured Image: On Monday, May 17, Gov. Jay Inslee signed the HEAL Act, which requires state agencies to incorporate environmental justice into their policies, at the Duwamish Longhouse and Cultural Center in Delridge. (Photo: Susan Fried)

Before you move on to the next story …
Please consider that the article you just read was made possible by the generous financial support of donors and sponsors. The Emerald is a BIPOC-led nonprofit news outlet with the mission of offering a wider lens of our region’s most diverse, least affluent, and woefully under-reported communities. Please consider making a one-time gift or, better yet, joining our Rainmaker Family by becoming a monthly donor. Your support will help provide fair pay for our journalists and enable them to continue writing the important stories that offer relevant news, information, and analysis. 
Support the Emerald!